Posted by: mulrickillion | December 31, 2011

Rape as a Tool of War

Rape as a Tool of War

by Amel Gorani, Geopolitical Monitor, Dec 29, 2011 —

OpenDemocracy.net, December 29, 2011

The systematic use of sexual violence along with torture, cruel and degrading treatment – such as the common use of flogging – continue to be one of the major security threats and tools of repression targeting women and communities all over Sudan.

The use of rape as a weapon of war in Darfur caught the world’s attention due to its extensive coverage in the international media and reports by the UN and Sudanese and international ngos. Indeed, President Bashir along with a senior Sudanese government official and a Janjaweed militia leader have been indicted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes and crimes against humanity – including the crime of rape. However, what is less known is how the systematic use of sexual violence and other forms of gender based violence along with torture, cruel and degrading treatment – such as the common use of flogging -  continue to be one of the major security threats and tools of repression targeting women and communities all over Sudan.

The fact that conflict-related sexual violence constitutes a threat to peace and security, exacerbates situations of conflict and impedes peacebuilding and post conflict recovery, is well established and has been internationally endorsed through the adoption of the United Nations Security Council resolutions  1325, 1820, 1888 and 1889. The continuing  sexual violence restricts women and girls freedom of movement, access to education, employment opportunities, and severely reduces their ability to participate in public life and the political process.

A clearer picture of the problem is now emerging through the testimonies and reports compiled by ngos and UN agencies, which show that sexual violence in conflict is widespread, systematic, and is perpetrated by all warring factions. Government forces and affiliated militias bear responsibility for the largest number of atrocities.

In addition to the use of rape in the Darfur conflict, sexual violence has been widely perpetrated during other periods of political instability, ethnic clashes and humanitarian emergencies. . . .

Rape as a Tool of War – Geopolitical Monitor

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